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- A small, self-replicating DNA molecule - usually a plasmid or viral DNA chromosome - into which foreign DNA is inserted in the process of cloning genes or other DNA sequences of interest. It can carry inserted DNA and be perpetuated in a host cell. Synonym: cloning vehicle.
UN Food and Agriculture Organization - Cite This Source - This Definition
- bifunctional vector, foreign DNA, integrating vector, linearized vector, mini-prep, phagemids, targeting vector, Vector
- DNA molecule originating from a virus, a plasmid, or the cell of a higher organism into which another DNA fragment of appropriate size can be integrated without loss of the vector's capacity for self-replication; vectors introduce foreign DNA into host cells, where the DNA can be reproduced in large quantities. Examples are plasmids, cosmids, and yeast artificial chromosomes; vectors are often recombinant molecules containing DNA sequences from several sources.
Human Genome Project - Cite This Source - This Definition
- bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC), bacteriophage, cosmid, gene transfer, P1-derived artificial chromosome (PAC), phage, plasmid, Retroviral infection, Transfection, Vector, Virus, yeast artificial chromosome (YAC)