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Parent Topic Definitions About: Medicine
Sometimes called vaccination; a shot or injection that protects a person from getting an illness by making the person "immune" to it.
(IGT) A condition, not considered a form of diabetes, diagnosed when oral glucose tolerance test results show that a person's blood glucose level falls between normal and diabetic levels. Persons with IGT have an increased risk for developing diabetes. Impaired glucose tolerance used to be called latent, chemical, or borderline diabetes but is no longer considered a form of diabetes.
A condition where the penis does not become or stay hard enough for sex. Some men who have had diabetes a long time become impotent if their nerves or blood vessels have become damaged.
A hormone that is needed to convert glucose, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Insulin allows cells to use glucose for fuel and is secreted by beta cells in the islets of Langerhans. The release of insulin from the pancreas is stimulated by increased blood glucose, vagal nerve stimulation, and other factors. Insulin is obtained from various animals and available in a variety of preparations. Commercial insulin preparations differ in a number of ways, including differences in the animal species from which they are obtained; their purity, concentration, and solubility; and the time of onset and duration of their biologic action. An oral hypoglycemic agent is not a form of insulin therapy.
A hormone that helps the body use blood glucose for energy. The beta cells of the pancreas make insulin. When people with diabetes cant make enough insulin, they may have to inject it from another source.
(Insulin Injections) The method a person with diabetes learns to use for injecting exogenous insulin into the body's bloodstream. Some delivery methods are usually syringes ; miniature computerized continuous insulin pumps ; "no needle" jet injectors method where insulin is forced through the skin; insulin syringe like pocket-pens ; infusers injection access portal into subcutaneous tissues for 2-3 days; insertion is a device to accelerate needle insertion into the skin, subcutaneous infusion where a flexible teflon catheter remains beneath the skin for several days.