All > Medicine > Diabetes
- See diabetic kidney disease.
CDC - Cite This Source - This Definition
- Kidney damage when they fail to function. If diabetes damages kidney filters, they become leaky, allowing protein to spill from the blood to urine. They also become less able to remove waste products. Nephropathy occurs in five stages leading to end stage kidney failure leading to dialysis or kidney transplantation. A specialist concerned with the science of medical diseases of the kidneys is referred as a nephrologist. As a result of diabetes, the kidneys overwork attempting to filter out through the glomeruli capillaries excess glucose. Waste substances not needed by the body are filtered out through the glomeruli into the urine and passed on to the bladder. Eventually the kidneys becomes damaged with scarring and capillary wall build-up resulting in renal failure. (Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus; Vasopressin-Resistant Diabetes.) Renal failure symptoms and signs are weakness, fatigue, a metallic taste in the mouth, loss of appetite, generalized twitching, and if untreated loss consciousness, seizures, and death.
CA DMV - Cite This Source - This Definition
- Browse Related Terms: ACE inhibitor, Albuminuria, bladder, blood urea nitrogen, diabetic kidney disease, dialysis, Hemodialysis, kidneys, microalbumin, renal failure, urea