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- In eukaryotes, non-nuclear DNA, present in cytoplasm organelles such as mitochondria and chloroplasts . In prokaryotes, non-chromosomal DNA, i.e. plasmids.
UN Food and Agriculture Organization - Cite This Source - This Definition
- autonomous(ly) replicating segment (or sequence), bacterial artificial chromosome, E. coli, episome, Hfr, Replicon, yeast episomal vector