A capital gains tax is due on profits you realize on the sale of a capital asset, such as stock, bonds, or real estate.
Long-term gains, on assets you own more than a year, are taxed at a lower rate than ordinary income while short-term gains are taxed at your regular rate.
The long-term capital gains tax rates on most investments is 15% for anyone whose marginal federal tax rate is 25% or higher, and 5% for anyone whose marginal rate is 10% or 15%. There are some exceptions. For example, long-term gains on collectibles are taxed at 28%.
You are exempt from capital gains tax on profits of up to $250,000 on the sale of your primary home if you're single and up to $500,000 if you're married and file a joint return, provided you meet the requirements for this exemption.
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- Capital Gain, capital gain or loss, Capital loss, Long-term capital gain (or loss), Paper profit (or loss), Profit, Profit taking, Realized gain, Unrealized gain, Unrealized loss
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