The settlement date is the date by which a securities transaction must be finalized.
By that date the buyer must pay for the securities purchased in the transaction, and the seller must deliver those securities.
For stocks, the settlement date is three business days after the trade date, or what's referred to as T+3. For options and government securities, the settlement date is one day, or T+1, after the trade date.
In figuring long- and short-term capital gains on your tax return, you use the trade date - the date you buy or sell a security - rather than the settlement date as the date of record.
- Browse Related Terms: Affinity fraud, Earnest Money, ex-dividend, Good faith deposit, Net change, Record date, Settlement date, Tick, Uptick
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