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- The exchange of DNA fragments between two DNA molecules or chromatids of paired chromosomes (during crossing over) at the site of identical nucleotide sequences.
Susan Allender-Hagedorn and Charles Hagedorn - Cite This Source - This Definition
- The exchange of DNA fragments between the two non-sister chromatids of the same chromosome in the course of meiosis.
UN Food and Agriculture Organization - Cite This Source - This Definition
- Rearrangement of related DNA sequences on a different molecule by crossing over in a region of identical sequence.
USDA CSREES - Cite This Source - This Definition
- Alleles, Crossing-over, discordant, disomy, homoeologous, Homolog, homologous, Homologous chromosomes, monosomic, pseudo-autosomal region
- The exchange of pieces of DNA during the formation of eggs and sperm. Recombination allows the chromosomes to shuffle their genetic material, increasing the potential of genetic diversity. Homologous recombination is also known as crossing over. See also chromosome
National Human Genome Research Institute - Cite This Source - This Definition
- Swapping of DNA fragments between paired chromosomes.
Human Genome Project - Cite This Source - This Definition
- Chromosomal inversion, Crossing-over, Heterozygosity, Homolog, Homologous chromosome, Reciprocal translocation, Satellite, Translocation
- A technique used to inactivate a gene and determine its function in a living animal. The process of homologous recombination is more efficient in embryonic stem cells than in other cell types. It is achieved by introducing a stretch of DNA that is similar or identical (homologous) to part of a gene and to some of the DNA surrounding the gene, but different (not homologous) to a specific section of the gene. The DNA is then introduced into the stem cells and the stretch of homologous DNA will recognize the similar sequences of the gene within the cell, and replace it. But the cell is then left with a piece of DNA in the gene that has the wrong sequence and this interrupts the function of the gene. The gene is then said to be knocked out. From these embryonic stem cells, an entire mouse can be made by injecting the altered stem cells into a blastocyst, and implanting the blastocyst into a female mouse. This is one way to make genetically manipulated mice and other animals with altered gene function. These experiments are crucial to understand how specific genes work and interact in living animals.
ISSCR - Cite This Source - This Definition
- allogenic, cell cycle, heterologous, homologous, Knock-out mouse, Transcription