A compound or atom that is attached to, or incorporated into, another molecule in order to allow detection of the latter's presence. Commonly, labels exploit radioactivity, fluorescence or antigenicity. Synonym: tag.
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The process of developing a list of ingredients contained in foods. Labels imply that the list of ingredients can be verified. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has jurisdiction over what is stated on food labels.
- Browse Related Terms: Codex Alimentarius Commission, FDA, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), food processing enzyme, Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, Labeling of foods, nutriceutical, pharmacokinetics, Public Health Service Act, residue, Salmonella, starter culture Micro-organisms
- Browse Related Terms: Coat protein (capsid), diagnostic procedure, encapsidation, glycosylation, homopolymer, labelling, Nucleic acids, nucleoprotein, primary structure, proteinaceous infectious particle, Proteinaceous infectious particle (prion), sequence divergence, sucrose density gradient centrifugation, TARGET, Transcapsidation, viral coat protein
- Browse Related Terms: alpha globulin, autocatalytic reaction, biological ageing, Cofactor, deoxycytidine, diplochromosome, DMSO, ER, Estrogen, false fruit, filial generation, gobar, haplozygous, heat therapy, hemolymph, homeodomain, idiogram, immunochemical control, in situ plaque hybridization, lac repressor-lac promoter system, mariculture, Michaelis constant, molecular pharming, nullisomic, photoautotroph, pleiotropic, poly-(A) tail, procaryotic, septate, T0, T1 and T2 cell, ultrasonication, viviparous, water soaked
A disaccharide sugar produced in milk, composed of one unit each of glucose and galactose.
- Browse Related Terms: amylose, disaccharide, galactomannan, isomer, lactose, monomer, oligomer, oligosaccharide, polymer, polymerization, polypeptide, polysaccharide
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1. The state of apparent inactivity preceding a response to a treatment; also called a latent phase. 2. The initial growth phase, during which cell number remains relatively constant, prior to the onset of rapid cell division.
The initial growth phase, during which cell number remains relatively constant prior to rapid growth. See growth phase.
- Browse Related Terms: agonist, blast cell, endotoxin, histoglobulin, hypersensitive response, Lag phase, leaf roll, matric potential, neutrophil, rennin, secondary messenger
- Browse Related Terms: anticoding strand, coding strand, complementary DNA, copy DNA, DNA primase, double-stranded complementary DNA, Double-stranded complementary DNA (dscDNA), excision repair DNA, lagging strand, leading strand, ligase chain reaction, long template, Okazaki fragment, polymerase, Polymerase (DNA), primer, Replication, reverse transcriptase, Reverse transcriptase (RNA-dependent DNA polymerase), semi-conservative replication, Semiconservative replication, single-stranded DNA, Template
One of two classes of antibody light chains. The other is a kappa chain.
- Browse Related Terms: abzyme, antibody class, antibody structure, complementarity-determining regions, DAB, Fab, FC, hypervariable region, IgA/Igd/IgG/IgE/IgM, immunoglobulin, immunosensor, in situ hybridization, kappa chain, lambda chain, V region
- Browse Related Terms: amplify, bacterial artificial chromosome, bacteriophage, Bacteriophage (phage or phage particle), bifunctional vector, cloning vehicle, forced cloning, gene cloning, integrating vector, lambda phage, library, mini-prep, phagemids, post-replication repair, targeting vector, yeast artificial chromosome
Blade or expanded part of a leaf.
- Browse Related Terms: axillary bud, bract, cotyledon, direct embryogenesis, etiolation, lamina, leaf blade, leaf bud cutting, leaf margin, leaf primordium, leaf scar, leaflet, meristele, meristem culture, meristem tip, petiole, rachis, sporophyll, stoma, stomatal index, vitrified
Cabinet designed for cell or tissue culture manipulations requiring a sterile environment. Achieved by a continuous, non-turbulent flow of filter-sterilized air over the working area. Synonym: laminar air-flow hood.
- Browse Related Terms: chemostat, co-culture, culture room, fed-batch fermentation, laminar air-flow cabinet, membrane bioreactor, micro-carrier, microalgal culture, nurse culture, paper raft technique, Petri dish, phytostat, raft culture, stationary culture, tank bioreactor
Large diplotene chromosomes present in oocyte nuclei, and particularly conspicuous in amphibians. These chromosomes have extended regions called loops, which are active sites of transcription. See: diplonema.
- Browse Related Terms: balanced lethal system, chromomeres, chromonema, chromosome banding, chromosome mutation, compound chromosome, endomitosis, endoreduplication, fluorescence in situ hybridization, gene insertion, gene replacement, genome, hybrid dysgenesis, Independent assortment, jumping library, karyogram, lampbrush chromosome, locus, Locus (plural = loci), meiotic drive, paternal, polymorphism, Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), tetrasomic, walking, X-linked, zoo FISH
In plant genetic resources, an early, cultivated form of a crop species, evolved from a wild population, and generally composed of a heterogeneous mixture of genotypes.
- Browse Related Terms: complementation, drift, eugenics, heterogeneity, landrace, onco-mouse, pure line, quantum speciation, random genetic drift
An inactive bud not held back by rest or dormant period, but which may start growth if stimulated.
- Browse Related Terms: apical dominance, bud sport, budding, determinate growth, indeterminate growth, latent bud, lateral bud, mixed bud, naked bud, nodal culture, Node, plumule, Runner, shoot tip, single node culture, sympodial, terminal bud, turion
A meristem giving rise to secondary plant tissues, such as the vascular and cork cambia.
- Browse Related Terms: cambium, fascicle, growth ring, interfascicular cambium, lateral meristem, metabolomics, plus tree, secondary growth, secondary metabolite, secondary phloem, secondary plant product, secondary vascular tissue, secondary xylem, vascular cambium