The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade signed by President Clinton on December 8, 1994. One resulting change is that a U.S. patent, if granted on an application filed on or after June 8, 1995, will have a term measured by 20 years from the filing date rather than the prior standard of 17 years from the date the patent was granted. Patents in force on June 8, 1995, and applications filed before that date will have a term that is the longer of these two terms. GATT also provided for provisional applications.
- Browse Related Terms: Best Mode, constructive reduction to practice, GATT, Invention, Abandoned, life of a patent, Offer to Sell, Patent Pending, pending, Statutory Period, Substitute Specification, Surrender of Patent, Withdrawal
An agreement among industrialized nations that contains the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) provisions. To comply with TRIPs, Congress amended 35 U.S.C. 104 under which proof of date of invention in a foreign country is allowable if the country is a North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) country for events after December 8, 1993, or a World Trade Organaization (WTO) country for events after January 1, 1996. MPEP 2138.02.
- Browse Related Terms: assignment, bailment, Cross License, due diligence terms, exclusive license, Field of Use, field of use license, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), ipr hygiene, license, licensee, licensor, Misuse, Patent Owner, Property, technology licensing, Technology Manager, WIPO, Worked or Working
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terms that the relevant purchasing public understands primarily as the common or class name for the goods or services. These terms are incapable of functioning as trademarks denoting source, and are not registrable on the Principal Register under Ã¯Â¿Â½2(f) or on the Supplemental Register. Examples include: CLASSES ONLINE for classes provided via the Internet, PIZZA.COM for pizza ordering and delivery services, and LIVE PLANTS for plant nurseries.
-- see TMEP for more info
- Browse Related Terms: Acceptable Identification of Goods and Services Manual, application (trademark), conflicting marks, COTS, descriptive mark, Drawing, generic term, identification of goods and/or services, IP, IPA, likelihood of confusion, Principal Register, registration, standard character format, stylized mark, substantive reasons for refusal, supplemental register, typed mark
A German design patent. MPEP 201.14(b).
- Browse Related Terms: Application, Continuation, Application, Continuation-in-Part, Application, Divisional, Convention Date, Corresponding Foreign Application, cross reference, Foreign Filing Date, Geschmackmuster, joint application, Non-Convention Application, nonprovisional patent application, original application, Parent Application, Priority, Priority Date, Priority Document, provisional application, Right of Priority, Substitute Patent Application
This may also be referred to as the "heart of the invention." It refers to what are the novel and unique features of the claimed invention.
- Browse Related Terms: abstract of the disclosure, Base Claim, Claim, Dependent, Claim, Independent, Claim, Multiple Dependent, Dependent Claim, Element of Claim, Example, Exhibit, gist of the invention, Independent Claim, multiple dependent claim, Negative Claim Limitation, Object of the Invention
goods are products.
In the context of service marks, a service (1) must be a real activity; (2) must be performed to the order of, or for the benefit of, someone other than the applicant; and (3) the activity performed must be qualitatively different from anything necessarily done in connection with the sale of the applicant's goods or the performance of another service.
-- see TMEP 1301.01 "What is a service?" for more information on services
-- see classification of goods and services for more
- Browse Related Terms: arbitrary marks, certification mark, collective mark, CSR, DNS, fanciful marks, FAS, fee, FQA, goods and services, mere descriptiveness, service mark, SM, suggestive mark, trade dress, trademark, TTY, WINS
The issuance of a patent; a right given by a patent office to an applicant that allows the grantee (patentee) to prevent anyone else from using the technology defined in the claims of a patent during the term of the patent. MPEP 2501.
- Browse Related Terms: Copyright, design patent, Expiry Date, Grant, how to use, Infringe, Patent, Revocation, university research
(also referred to as a Technology Center or TC) - a unit of several Group Art Units in the mechanical, electrical, chemical or design area, managed by one or more Group Directors. Groups are more properly referred to as Technology Centers, or TCs.
- Browse Related Terms: CRF, CSS, ETC, group, IT, S/T, service component, SITP, TC, TSG
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(may be abbreviated "AU," "GAU" or "Grp Art Unit" on Office correspondence) - a working unit responsible for a cluster of related patent art. Staffed by one supervisory patent examiner (SPE) and a number of patent examiners who determine patentability on applications for a patent. Group Art Units are currently identified by a four digit number, i.e., 1642.
- Browse Related Terms: classification, classification of goods and services, combination patent, copyrights, CRU, GAU, Group Art Unit, IC, inventor, Office, Patent, patent infringement, RE, SIRA, Technology Center, US, USC, USPS, X patent