A solemn pledge in attestation of the truth of a statement or in verification of a statement made.
A promise to tell the truth.
An express acknowledgment made by a person that he or she is aware of being bound in conscience, and by laws against perjury, to tell the truth while testifying.
- Browse Related Terms: Administrative Agency, Arrest, Bail, Bench, Capias, case law, Continuance, Due process, Expedited Appeals, Homicide, Injunction, Oath, pro se, Prosecutor, Statutory law, Stay, Substantiated facts, warrant
a solemn declaration before another, complying with the laws of the state or country where made, that the document in which an applicant for patent declares that (1) he or she is the original or sole inventor, (2) shall state of what country he or she is a citizen, (3) that he or she has reviewed and understands the contents of the specification and claims which the declaration refers to, and (4) acknowledges the duty to disclose information that is material to patentability as defined by 37 CFR § 1.56. An oath or declaration must be filed in each nonprovisional patent application.
Originating Beneficiary Information - the informational portion of a wire (electronic) transfer of funds. It is a necessary and important element, providing the USPTO information as to why the "wire" was sent, by whom, and how to apply the payment.
- Browse Related Terms: CD, Doc, e-Commerce, e-Gov, EBC, eComm, eDAN, EFP, EFS, EFS-ABX, EFS-Web, EFT, electronic file wrapper, ePAS, ESTTA, eTAS, eTEAS, FOIA, IFW, MiTEAS, notice of references cited, OBI, OEIP, Pair, PrinTEAS, SAFE, TEAS, Trademark Electronic Application System
A thing said by the way, as language unnecessary to a decision or ruling on an issue not raised.
- Browse Related Terms: binding precedent, case law, Citators, Dictum (Pl. dicta), Dissent, Federal Reporters ("F.," "F.2d" or "F.3d"), Federal Supplement ("F. Supp."), Law, Moot, Obiter dictum, Official reports, Preliminary injunction, reporter, Reporters, Res adjudicata, United States Reports
A desired characteristic of an invention. MPEP 608.01(d).
- Browse Related Terms: abstract of the disclosure, Base Claim, Claim, Dependent, Claim, Independent, Claim, Multiple Dependent, Dependent Claim, Element of Claim, Example, Exhibit, gist of the invention, Independent Claim, multiple dependent claim, Negative Claim Limitation, Object of the Invention
The process by which one party takes exception to some statement or procedure. An objection is either sustained (allowed) or overruled by the judge.
A protest by an attorney, challenging a statement or question made at trial. Common objections include an attorney “leading the witness” or a witness making a statement that is hearsay. Once an objection is made, the judge must decide whether to allow the question or statement.
- Browse Related Terms: Cross-examination, cross-examine, Deposition, Direct examination, Hearsay, Hostile witness, Impeachment, Leading question, Objection, Scilicet (Abbr. scil.), Sequestration of witnesses, statement, subpoena duces tecum, testimony, Waiver of immunity
When an attorney alerts the judge to potential problems which may be caused by admission of evidence and asks the court to prevent the jury from hearing the evidence. An attorney who disagrees with a ruling by the court must register an objection to that ruling in order to make the trial record clear and establish the right to object to the ruling before the appellate court, should there be an appeal.
A trustee's or creditor's objection to the debtor being released from personal liability for certain dischargeable debts. Common reasons include allegations that the debt to be discharged was incurred by false pretenses or that debt arose because of the debtor's fraud while acting as a fiduciary.
- Browse Related Terms: administrative claim, consumer debt, consumer debts, Debt, discharge, dischargeable debt, insider (of corporate debtor), insider (of individual debtor), Net Income, net worth, objection to dischargeability, substantive consolidation
A trustee's or creditor's objection to the debtor's attempt to claim certain property as exempt from liquidation by the trustee to creditors.
- Browse Related Terms: abandonment, abandonment of property, bankruptcy estate, core proceedings, Distribution, Exemption, exemptions, exempt property, liquidation, objection to exemptions, prebankruptcy planning, Trustee
The process of manually reviewing a document and completing database fields with easily ascertainable information about the document. Objective coding, unlike subjective coding, does not require that the coder exercise discretion or have a familiarity with a particular case in order to correctly code the document. Common objective coding fields include Bates, author, recipient, cc, date, title, type, source, characteristics and keywords.
- Browse Related Terms: Bibliographical/Objective Coding, coding, Document Coding, Enhanced Titles, Level Coding, message header, Objective Coding, Subjective Coding, Unitization Physical and Logical, User-Added Metadata
In programming terminology, an object is a freestanding block of code that defines the properties of some thing. Objects are created and used in a high-level method of programming called object-oriented programming (OOP). OOP involves giving programming objects characteristics that can be transferred to, added to, and combined with other objects to make a complete program.
- Browse Related Terms: Application, Data Streams, Merge, Objects, OLE, Outlook Express, Scroll Bar, Software Application, Status Bar, Windows Mail
An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- Browse Related Terms: balanced budget, baseline, budget authority, deficit (surplus), discretionary spending, mandatory spending, obligation, off-budget entities, outlays, permanent appropriation, receipts, scorekeeping
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according to Black's law dictionary, obstruction of justice means "impeding or obstructing those who seek justice in a court, or those who have duties or powers of administering justice therein."
According to BlackÃÂ´s Law Dictionary, obstruction of justice means "impeding or obstructing those who seek justice in a court, or those who have duties or powers of administering justice therein."
- Browse Related Terms: aspect ratio, Bi-Tonal, Continuous Tone, De-shading, Dithering, Gray Scale, Grayscale, Halftone, Landscape Mode, Obstruction of Justice, PackBits, RLE (Run Length Encoded), Scale-to-Gray, TIFF Group III (compression)
The validity of a patent can be challenged by attempting to show that what the inventor did would have been obvious to try based on the prior art, and, therefore, the invention would have been obvious.
- Browse Related Terms: Double Patenting Rejection, DoublePatenting, failure of others, Intervening Rights, obvious to try, patentability search
If the invention could readily be deduced at the time the invention was made from publicly available information (prior art) by a person of ordinary skill in that art, it is obvious. Prior art may be combined to show that an invention would have been obvious. (For example, the teachings of two or more prior art patents or a prior art patent and a prior art article may be combined). If an invention would have been obvious to a person of ordinary skill in the art at the time the invention was made, then it is not patentable.
A characteristic that makes an invention predicable to a person having ordinary skill in the art who has knowledge of all of the prior art. No "inventive step" was involved in conceiving the invention. One of the most difficult terms in patent law to define and understand. MPEP 2141, MPEP 2141.01, MPEP 2141.02, MPEP 2141.03, MPEP 2142.
- Browse Related Terms: Definiteness, hypothetical person skilled in the art, Level of Ordinary Skill, non obvious, Obviousness, ordinary skill in the art, Person Skilled in the Art, Routineer, Secondary Considerations, skill in the art, Unobvious