The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade signed by President Clinton on December 8, 1994. One resulting change is that a U.S. patent, if granted on an application filed on or after June 8, 1995, will have a term measured by 20 years from the filing date rather than the prior standard of 17 years from the date the patent was granted. Patents in force on June 8, 1995, and applications filed before that date will have a term that is the longer of these two terms. GATT also provided for provisional applications.
- Browse Related Terms: Best Mode, constructive reduction to practice, GATT, Invention, Abandoned, life of a patent, Offer to Sell, Patent Pending, pending, Statutory Period, Substitute Specification, Surrender of Patent, Withdrawal
An agreement among industrialized nations that contains the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) provisions. To comply with TRIPs, Congress amended 35 U.S.C. 104 under which proof of date of invention in a foreign country is allowable if the country is a North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) country for events after December 8, 1993, or a World Trade Organaization (WTO) country for events after January 1, 1996. MPEP 2138.02.
- Browse Related Terms: assignment, bailment, Cross License, due diligence terms, exclusive license, Field of Use, field of use license, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), ipr hygiene, license, licensee, licensor, Misuse, Patent Owner, Property, technology licensing, Technology Manager, WIPO, Worked or Working
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A German design patent. MPEP 201.14(b).
- Browse Related Terms: Application, Continuation, Application, Continuation-in-Part, Application, Divisional, Convention Date, Corresponding Foreign Application, cross reference, Foreign Filing Date, Geschmackmuster, joint application, Non-Convention Application, nonprovisional patent application, original application, Parent Application, Priority, Priority Date, Priority Document, provisional application, Right of Priority, Substitute Patent Application
This may also be referred to as the "heart of the invention." It refers to what are the novel and unique features of the claimed invention.
- Browse Related Terms: abstract of the disclosure, Base Claim, Claim, Dependent, Claim, Independent, Claim, Multiple Dependent, Dependent Claim, Element of Claim, Example, Exhibit, gist of the invention, Independent Claim, multiple dependent claim, Negative Claim Limitation, Object of the Invention
The issuance of a patent; a right given by a patent office to an applicant that allows the grantee (patentee) to prevent anyone else from using the technology defined in the claims of a patent during the term of the patent. MPEP 2501.
- Browse Related Terms: Copyright, design patent, Expiry Date, Grant, how to use, Infringe, Patent, Revocation, university research