When an asset such as stock, real estate, or personal property increases in value without any improvements or modification having been made to it, that's called appreciation.
Some personal assets, such as fine art or antiques, may appreciate over time, while others - such as electronic equipment - usually lose value, or depreciate.
Certain investments also have the potential to appreciate. A number of factors can cause an asset to appreciate, among them inflation, uniqueness, or increased demand.
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