### Technology Definitions 21,422

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### absorption

• In the transmission of electrical, electromagnetic, or acoustic signals, the conversion of the transmitted energy into another form, usually thermal. [After 2196] Note 1: Absorption is one cause of signal attenuation. Note 2: The conversion takes place as a result of interaction between the incident energy and the material medium, at the molecular or atomic level.

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### absorption coefficient

• A measure of the attenuation caused by absorption of energy that results from its passage through a medium. [After 2196] Note 1: Absorption coefficients are usually expressed in units of reciprocal distance. Note 2: The sum of the absorption coefficient and the scattering coefficient is the attenuation coefficient.

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